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Integrated Pest Management

Principles of IPM

Traditional pest control involves the routine application of pesticides. IPM, in contrast:

Focuses on pest prevention.

Uses pesticides only as needed.

This provides a more effective, environmentally sensitive approach.

IPM programs take advantage of all appropriate pest management strategies, including the judicious use of pesticides. Preventive pesticide application is limited because the risk of pesticide exposure may outweigh the benefits of control, especially when non-chemical methods provide the same results.

IPM is not a single pest control method but rather involves integrating multiple control methods based on site information obtained through:


monitoring; and


Consequently, every IPM program is designed based on the pest prevention goals and eradication needs of each situation. Successful IPM programs use this four-tiered implementation approach:

1. Identify and Monitor

Identify pest

Determine the best preventive measures.

Reduce any unnecessary use of pesticides.

Additionally, correct identification will prevent the elimination of beneficial organisms.

  Monitoring for pests:

We maintain records for each building detailing:

monitoring techniques;


 and inspection schedule.

Record monitoring results and inspection findings, including recommendations.

Many monitoring techniques are available and often vary according to the pest.  

IPM plans are updated in response to monitoring results.

2. Set Thresholds

Action threshold are the pest population level at which the pest's presence is a:


health hazard; or

economic threat.

Setting an action threshold is critical to guiding pest control decisions. A defined threshold will focus the size, scope, and intensity of an IPM plan.

3. Prevent

IPM focuses on prevention by removing conditions that attract pests, such as food, water, and shelter. 

Preventive actions include:

Reducing clutter.

Sealing areas where pests enter the building

Removing trash and overgrown vegetation from around structures.

Maintaining clean dining and food storage areas.

Installing pest barriers.

Removing standing water.

Educating building occupants on IPM.

4. Control 

Pest control is required if action thresholds are exceeded. IPM programs use the most effective, lowest risk options considering the risks to the applicator, building occupants, and environment. Control methods include:

Pest trapping.

Physical removal.

Pesticide application.

The Smart, Sensible and Sustainable Approach to Pest Management:

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